Scorpio (Sorted by Birth Date Ascending)

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2. Martin Luther

Soundtrack | Gangs of New York

Martin Luther was the founder of the Lutheran Church in the 16th Century. As a composer he also wrote such well known Christian hymns as "A Mighty Fortess Is Our God".

4. Guido Reni

Art Department | Sister Wendy at the Norton Simon Museum

Painter. Works include the Paoline Chapel of Santa Maria Maggiore, and the Aldobrandini wings of the Vatican.

6. Francisco de Zurbarán

Art Department | Sister Wendy at the Norton Simon Museum

Baroque painter. Works are part of the collections of the Alte Pinakothek, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Hermitage, the Kunsthistorisches, the Louvre, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla, the Museum of Fine Arts, the National Galleries of Scotland, the National ...

8. François Couperin

Soundtrack | The Pelican Brief

Francois Couperin (Couperin le Grand) was born on November 10, 1668, in Paris, France. His father, named Charles Couperin, was the organist at the church of St. Gervais in Paris. In 1679, when Couperin's father died, he was already deputizing him as an organist, and on his 18th birthday Couperin ...

9. Colley Cibber

Writer | Richard III

Colley Cibber (1671-1757) was an actor, theatrical impresario, playwright and poet now remembered only for his bowdlerization of William Shakespeare's Richard III (1955) (Laurence Olivier used Cibber's interpolations in his 1955 film of the play) and for being the model for the chief protagonist of...

11. Voltaire

Writer | L'ingenuo

Future proponent for victims of injustice and tyranny during the years prior to the French Revolution, Voltaire (born François Marie Arouet on November 21, 1694 in Paris) was educated in Paris by the Jesuits. For a time he studied law, then decided to become a writer. Witty, thought-provoking and ...

12. Canaletto

Art Department | The Queen's Palaces

Many of his pictures were sold to Englishmen on their Grand Tour (traditional trip of Europe undertaken by mainly upper-class young men of means) via merchant Joseph Smith (later appointed British Consul in Venice in 1744). Smith sold much of his collection to King George III. Buckingham Palace ...

14. Leopold Mozart

Soundtrack | The Story of Us

His wife and his mother shared the same name, Anna Maria.

15. Oliver Goldsmith

Writer | The Vicar of Wakefield

Before turning to writing, he held many positions, including that of a physician in Southwark, England.

17. John Adams

Writer | Biography

John Adams was born on October 30, 1735 in Braintree, Massachusetts, USA. He was a writer, known for Biography (1987). He was married to Abigail Smith. He died on July 4, 1826 in Quincy, Massachusetts.

20. Tiradentes

Self | O Maior Brasileiro de Todos os Tempos

Tiradentes was born on November 12, 1746 in Minas Gerais, Brazil as Joaquim José da Silva Xavier. He died on April 21, 1792 in Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

22. Antonio Canova

Art Department | The Queen's Palaces

Italian sculptor. Considered one of the greatest exponents of Neoclassicism. Among his works are the tombs of popes Clement XIV, and Clement XIII, and statues of Napoléon Bonaparte. In 1815, he was named Minister Plenipotentiary of the Pope, and was tasked with recovering various works of art that ...

24. Friedrich Schiller

Writer | Captain Z-Ro

Friedrich Schiller was born on Nov. 10, 1759, in Marbach, Germany. His father was an army doctor. Growing up in a very poor environment, Schiller eventually managed to get the support of a wealthy duke that enabled him to study medicine. He served as a military doctor first, but through the efforts...

26. Benjamin Constant

Writer | Adolphe, ou l'âge tendre

French author and politician

29. Salar Sindi

Music Department | Mandi

He was last Mughal emperor of India and reigned from 1837 to 1857.

31. Johann Nepomuk Hummel

Soundtrack | Vanity Fair

Johann Nepomuk Hummel was a student of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Antonio Salieri.

32. Adam Oehlenschläger

Writer | Guldhornene

Born in 1779 in Copenhagen, Adam Oehlenschläger was one of Denmark's most prominent poets of the early 1800s and was a leader of the Romantic movement in that country. He was heavily influenced by Norse myths and released his first volume of poetry in 1802 - entitled Digte (Poems). His works ...

34. Niccolò Paganini

Soundtrack | Rear Window

Paganini's musical talent was recognized at an early age, and his ambitious father drove him hard to succeed, even withholding food if his son did not perform to his satisfaction on the violin. Escaping his father's domineering influence in his late teens by fleeing to Lucca, Paganini came to the ...

36. David Wilkie

Art Department | The Queen's Palaces

Died en route to London from Egypt. His burial at sea near Gibraltar was the subject of one of Joseph Mallord William Turner's most celebrated paintings.

37. H.R. Bishop

Soundtrack | Enough

He was knighted in 1842.

40. Vincenzo Bellini

Soundtrack | Mr. Nobody

Vincenzo Salvatore Bellini was born on November 2, 1801 in Catania, Sicily, Italy. He was the first of seven children in a musical family. His grandfather gave him first piano lessons at the age of 3, and at the age of 5 young Bellini could play good piano to an audience. His first composition ...

45. Charity Barnum

Charity Barnum was born on October 28, 1808 in Bethel, Connecticut, USA as Charity Hallett. She was married to P.T. Barnum. She died on November 19, 1873.

50. Daniel Decatur Emmett

Soundtrack | Logan

Known professionally as "Dan" Emmett.

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